The world’s temperature has been on the rise in recent years. For the past 125 years, scientists have monitored temperatures around the world. According to the United States Department of Energy, the hottest day of the year on record was 3 July 2023, when the average temperature reached 17.01°C. National Centers for Environmental Prediction. There are two main reasons for this: the El Nino weather pattern and the rise in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. In 2016, we had another record-breaking temperature of 16.92 degrees Celsius. We can expect temperatures to keep changing in the future.
This year, some places experienced really hot weather. Spain got very hot at the start of the season, and many countries in Asia had a heatwave. These kinds of extreme heat events are happening more often now. In China, some places had temperatures above 35 degrees Celsius. In the southern parts of the United States, it also got a lot hotter.
Scientists have been watching for signs of “El Niño,” and they saw it starting in June. This happens when the Pacific Ocean gets warmer in certain areas. When “El Niño” happens, it makes the whole world warmer.
Both the northern and southern parts of the Earth have been affected by the higher temperatures. In July, the temperature in the Antarctic went up a lot, reaching 8.7 degrees Celsius.
“El Niño” means that the water in some parts of the Pacific Ocean gets warmer than usual. It doesn’t happen regularly, but when it does, it makes the whole world hotter.
Source : BBC News